Pic Credit: AP

The South American country, Venezuela has plunged into a major political crisis. A violent insurgency is underway in the country and it could determine the country’s future.

Atleast, seventy-one people were injured in the Venezuela clashes and admitted to a hospital in the country’s Capital, Caracas according to a health service report.

How it all started?

At the center of the turmoil is opposition leader Juan Guaido and President Nicolás Maduro. And they both claim that they are the nation’s true leader.

Who is Nicolás Maduro?

After the death of Hugo Chávez, Maduro’s socialist mentor and predecessor in office, Maduro was first elected in April 2013 by a thin margin of 1.6 per cent. Nicolás Maduro is the leader of the united Socialist Party of the country.

Maduro started a second six-year term in highly controversial elections in May 2018, which most opposition parties boycotted. And many foreign governments refused to recognise.

Venezuela’s opposition-controlled National Assembly refused to recognise Maduro’s re-election.

The country’s opposition, National Assembly declared Mr Maduro as a “usurper.” And argued that the election was neither free nor fair, hence presidency is vacant.

Who is Juan Guaido ?

Juan Guaido is the Venezuelan opposition leader and self-proclaimed President of Venezuela. He is the Presedent of Venezuela’s National Assembly (country’s opposition). Juan Guaido on January 23, declared himself interim president.

He has been supported by the U.S., Columbia, U.K., and the European Union.

Guaido has been organising protests and calling on the military to switch allegiance. He led months of protest against Maduro’s government.

Guaido has promised a transitional government and free elections to end the rule of the socialist Maduro regime, which has overseen the once-wealthy oil nation’s descent into economic collapse and a humanitarian crisis.

Whats Happening?

Pic Credit: AP

“Operation Freedom has begun!” Guaido said, speaking through a loudspeaker to the cheering supporters.

“We’re going to stand here together asking and demanding the military to join,” he added.

Guaido told a crowd in Caracas that he has the Major support of the Venezuelans.

President Nicolas Maduro said in a tweet, “Nerves of Steel! I have spoken with the commanders of all the REDIs and ZODI of the country, who have expressed their total loyalty to the people, to the Constitution and to the fatherland. I call for maximum popular mobilization to ensure the victory of peace. We Will win!”

“The situation is under control,” Maduro’s Communications Vice Minister Isbemar Jimenez told CNN on Tuesday. “All military garrisons support Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro.”

Meanwhile, Venezuela’s Foreign Minister Jorge Arreaza denied there was a military coup attempt under way to oust Maduro and accused Guaido of operating under orders from the U.S.

Here’s a look at some of the International leaders that support Guaido and the opposition

U.S. President Donald Trump and his administration have recognized Guaido as the legitimate president of Venezuela since January.

Maduro was ready to leave Venezuela but Russia convinced the Venezuelan president to stay, US Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, has said in an interview to CNN.

Trump threatens “full and complete embargo” against Cuba over Venezuela.

The White House says it hopes an attempted military uprising in Venezuela will be “enough to tip” leader Nicolas Maduro out of power.

Erdogan condemns ‘coup attempt’ in Venezuela.

Canada requests emergency meeting of Lima Group.

While, Cuban and Russian officials have rejected the opposition. And Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador said he retains his neutral position on Venezuela.

UN chief urges ‘maximum restraint’ in Venezuela to avoid violence.

Many internet platforms are reportedly unavailable in Venuzeula.

Over three million Venezuelans have left the country in recent years, according to the UN.